basics of design composition in the interior

Spatial Composition u2013 A study in interior layouts


The beauty and comfort of any space is not possible using certain conditions in its design, the so-called composites laws. They play a decisive role in the emergence of a harmonious environment in all rooms – residential or public.

Correctly apply layers of composition in that recess only a few – which have a special sense of colors, shapes and textures. And yet, this ability can evolve within you if we look at the basics of design space and its design, as well as to understand the need for composition techniques.

The composition in the interior is called art connection of all elements in a specific place, which must be placed in it in a certain order and number to support the general idea harmoniously.

The basics of the composition are not only important, but can be especially useful when you need to draw a complex space, for example, thin, too high or low ceilings.

The fundamentals of the composition of the interior

The mood of the room, if properly planned, can not be chaotic, and all subjects and objects, textures and structures used therein are required to interact with each other.

Center of the composition

Once in the room, the eyes should be involuntary after a certain object, which can be isolated from the whole situation unusual color, size, shape, or relief – this is the compositional center. As you can guess the meaning that it is usually located in the middle of the room that is not basically, and wall or a corner place it is also possible.

Complementary parts of the situation in the successful composition are always evenly distributed around its center.

The composing center of the room can be a bed, fireplace, window, matte or decorative partitions, as well as other objects in the interior, forming a single composition.

Legislation in equilibrium

Filling the room or the environment in themalla gave the impression of the integrity of an image, its beauty, functionality and visual comfort. Consequently, objects around the center of composite can be arranged according to laws symmetry or assimerii.


Even distribution of similar article size and shape around the center is called symmetrical composite. Especial difficulty uses will not cause a symmetrical composition, especially in the horizontal plane. That is, if it was built in the living room fireplace, then around it should solve things at the same distance, for example, two regular lamps on the sides, two sofas in front of him, two armchairs in front of the same or similar in size and shape.

In the bedroom, the bed in the center, putative set from both sides, consisting of the nightstand, lamps, mirrors, and the foot of addition mini-sofa, chairs, breasts. The symmetry of the composition complements, for example, a pair of rack (chest of drawers, chairs), installed in front of the bed, at the same distance from each other.

Symmetry in the vertical plane is visually weighing the upper and lower part of the room. For example, if the room is high and the furniture is stuck, it is possible to hang a large chandelier, and "heavier" stucco roof, while the walls should not be empty – they should decorate at eye level while vertical composition will be maintained.


It can not be called the opposite of the symmetry platter rather another, creating an interesting technology composition. Asymmetry, as well – it's not disharmony, as it seems to some, but a complex and ambiguous way of designing space. But for the symmetry important load balance visual objects in the internal environment.

For example, when the main issues are mounted on 2/3 of the floor surface, the third part of it should not be left blank. Here, on the contrary, it is possible to arrange one, but catchy, and quite large object (wardrobe, mirror, table, panel).

parts of harmony

Successful composite interior solutionThis means a harmonious union of all objects by matching colors, shapes and textures. With their help, the situation is balanced and aesthetic.

Shades in the inner composition

They are called accents that make the room become more vibrant, texture objects, and it is a visual spatial volume.

The most prosperous shades appear on the invoices, as opposed to each other:

Mirror on the wall matte background. Smooth upholstery couch combination with a fur blanket. The pattern on striped background. Use more saturated colors in small amounts.

It should be remembered that shading is in fact should be used with caution, only a few places – the bust extremely desirable.


Exact and clear contrast of textures and colors often used in the construction of a harmonious composition. Thus, patterned fabric can be combined with solid, rough surface walls – with smooth facades, and an abundance of decorative elements on the one hand – to be set as opposed to minimalism of the other.

Related articles

Third method of constructing a harmonic composition based on the use of the same type, similar to the texture, shape and color of the objects.

Thus, the base can be a square, rectangle or circle, and all objects that fill the space – to strive for its shape, a smooth transition from one shadow of one color to another.

Without neglecting the basic rules of the creative composition can build more than the average residential interior. Therefore, we hope this text will be useful to you in future performance and help determine priorities. Good luck!