basics of design golden section rule

What is the golden ratio? What you need
what is the golden ratio


Even at the beginning of time people became known secretaries harmony everything that exists: the structure of plants, the human body, forms lakes and rivers, and even the smallest of seashells. This knowledge was used in the construction of the world's most famous architectural masterpieces, such as the Parthenon, Notre Dame, the Basilica of the Cathedral and many other structures whose beauty impresses with its perfect proportions and is a reference to contemporary architecture, art and design.

At the turn of the century, creating their own original masterpieces, the well-known painter, inventor, sculptor, Leonardo da Vinci gave the name to the phenomenon the correct relation of the size of space, which today is governed by professional architects, painters and decorators in the business. The phenomenon that we are talking about is called "golden cut", and its principle is so simple and ingenious at the same time, it raises questions about the existence of Bozhestennoy, the magic of nature around us.

What is the "golden mean"?

The golden section is called the division of a whole into two-level parts, the smaller part refers to more as one big relates to the whole. At the same time, most close to the "golden" value 0, 618 on the whole, and less – to 0, 382.

The most speaking example of the presence of "Golden Cut" is a rectangle, because its sides are in the "golden" relationship. Then, from the "golden" rectangle, cut square with one side that is equal to the smaller side of the rectangle, then a golden rectangle less, and so on forever infinity.


The success of the application of the rules in the "golden cut" iinteriör is such that the size ratio is intuitively perceived by the human eye as the most approximative of the ideal. So in the space, furnished according to the rule of "golden cut", comfortable to live, work and relax.

The golden cut when planning space

The opportunity to use the rule of "golden cut" is not in vain as art because everyone is not a specialist in design and furnishings manage to master it completely. But if you are lucky enough to learn that, the process of planning and building interiors becomes easy, but the result – exceeds all expectations.

As an example of using the "golden section" in the interior, you can take living space with dimensions equal to 5×3 m. To the zone the space is successful and the situation was perceived bright and harmonious, multiplied by the value of the gold 0.618 room length (5 m ). In summary, you get 3.09 m, which represents a large part of the premises. The next step should be to subtract this number (3.09), and 5 to determine the value of the smaller part. So you should have 3.09m and one, 91m, respectively.

Following the rule of "golden cut" can be issued living room with a sofa and television set in the course of a large part of the room, and give less to accommodate the dining room group. The same principle should be shared more and less by the living room, where the principle of "golden" is manifested in the smaller sizes.


Golden Ratio in size ratio

Often such a situation arises where a newSoff group in the course of a special room "with the eye" appearance is inappropriate (too small or large, is not harmonious). This can be avoided if you use in advance, the same rule of "golden cut" in the formation of the vertical space in the room.

The height of the space, we multiply again the number0618, then subtract the resulting value of the height. This figure is the optimal height of the sofa for a particular room. You can also calculate the value of the width and length of harmoniously large furniture.


Golden cut in colors

The principle of "golden cut" applies to all area designs, including the interior, using color. Thus, the presence of different shades, numbers and intensities can be combined, according to the golden rule.

For example, in the design of the walls should be used shade to 2/3 of the entire area (beige, blue); 03/01 can be given white or gray. Thus, thanks to the "golden cut", you build up the most important (basic) internal system.

Another not effective effective relationship between the number of colors in the space is to use percentages 60/30/10. There 60% – the main color, 30% – another 10% – refraction.


Golden Ratio in the selection height

The walls make a brain print, about the construction of the layer that the "golden cut" has applied. For example, when turning the surface of the wall panels can be divided by the height of the walls of the golden principle once, or to continue the division on the (lower) part to get the desired size. In both cases, the decision would be, and the height of the top edges of the panels will be perceived as harmony.

A single division is suitable for rooms with a ceiling height of more than 3 meters, the following division of the larger and smaller parts will help visually enlarge the space low

Golden cut in furniture and furnishings

The rule relationship least to the greatest, summer to the whole, you will surely be placed in the space decorative accessories, arrange furniture and combine all items together to get comfortable, aesthetic and comfortable furnishings.

If we talk about the relationship between the furniture joint, the "golden cut" again proves to be effective if each smaller object size will be so treated for more, because it's the largest.

"The right corner piece should be the right angle, which is short of the landing, owns 1/3 of the length of the landing. At the same time, a coffee table should be chosen so that its length does not exceed the lower value of the majority of the sofa"

As you can imagine, not all the work of designers, interior designers and architects has been carried out in accordance with the "golden cut" provisions, but those where it appears look more balanced and perfect.